It's an inconvenient time for a flare-up in the already strained U.S.-Turkey relationship. Cooperation between the two countries appeared to be on the rise after the Islamic State militant group attacked Istanbul's Ataturk Airport last month, said ...
Although it is still unclear who is responsible for Fridayâ€™s failed coup attempt against the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkish officials have placed blame on members of the GÃ¼len movement, a religious and social group that the government has accused in the past of endeavoring to establish a â€œparallel stateâ€ inside of Turkey.
This presents a potential rift between Ankara and Washington, as Fethullah GÃ¼len, the Sunni cleric who heads the group, has lived in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania since 1999.
Erdogan, whose alliance with the GÃ¼len movement ruptured in 2013, demanded on Saturday that Washington hand over the cleric. Additional comments from Turkish officials suggested that GÃ¼lenâ€™s residence in the U.S. could pose a threat to relations between the two countries.
â€œI do not think any country would support [GÃ¼len], the leader of a terrorist organization. Countries standing by this person will not be a friend of Turkey,â€ Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said at a press conference in Ankara, in a clear reference to the U.S.
Evrim Aydin/ANADOLU AGENCY/GETTY IMAGES
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim suggests relations will fray with any country that does not help Turkey in the fight against theÂ GÃ¼len movement.
GÃ¼len strongly denied any role in the uprising against Erdoganâ€™s government. â€œAs someone who suffered under multiple military coups during the past five decades, it is especially insulting to be accused of having any link to such an attempt. I categorically deny such accusations,â€ he said in a statement distributed by the Alliance for Shared Values, a U.S.-based nonprofit connected to the movement.
Speaking to reporters in Pennsylvania on Saturday, GÃ¼len suggested the coup may have been staged, Reuters reported.
Itâ€™s an inconvenient time for a flare-up in the already strained U.S.-Turkey relationship. Cooperation between the two countries appeared to be on the rise after the Islamic State militant group attacked Istanbulâ€™s Ataturk Airport last month, said Soner Cagaptay of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
â€œThis is going to become a major sticking point in bilateral ties,â€ Cagaptay said. â€œWashington does not want a problem to arise right now, but it has risen.â€
Erdogan, who himself was once allied with the religious GÃ¼len movement, has waged a campaign to purge its members from all levels of government since their alliance broke down in 2013.
Washington has rebuffed past calls from Ankara to turn over GÃ¼len, citing a lack of evidence that he was guilty of wrongdoing. Itâ€™s likely that Erdoganâ€™s government will now step up the effort to present evidence against the cleric, putting the U.S. in a difficult position with an ally that currently hosts U.S. troops operating the air war against ISIS in Iraq and Syria.Â
Secretary of State John Kerry, speaking to reporters in Luxembourg, said the State Department had yet to receive an extradition request from Turkey for GÃ¼len. The Associated Press later reportedÂ that Erdogan was demanding the U.S. turn over GÃ¼len, although itâ€™s not clear whether he has filed a formal request.
Kerry invited the Turkish government to present evidence of GÃ¼lenâ€™s involvement in the coup attempt that â€œwithstands scrutiny.â€ A State Department official declined to elaborate on how the U.S. would go about determining whether the evidence would warrant sending the cleric back to Turkey, where it is almost certain that he would face harsh punishment.
OZAN KOSE/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
A poster from 2013 with side-by-side images of Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Fethullah GÃ¼len.Â
Turkey abolished the death penalty over a decade ago as a condition of ascension talks with the European Union, but Yildirim hinted on Saturday that the government was considering reinstating the policy.
â€œAs is known, capital punishment has been abolished in the Turkish legal system. Today, our parliament will convene and we will discuss with other parties the additional measures or legal arrangements that should be put in place to prevent crazy attempts of this kind in the future,â€ the prime minister said, adding that those responsible for the uprising â€œare more despicable than the PKK terrorist organization.â€
Because the GÃ¼len movement is an opaque group whose members donâ€™t identify themselves publicly, it is difficult to gauge the size of their presence in Turkey, much less within specific government or military institutions. A former member of the Turkish Foreign Service, Sinan Ulgen, estimated that GÃ¼lenists account for 1 to 2 percent of the population, but some reports estimate that it is closer to 10 percent.
Thereâ€™s an â€œobvious riskâ€ that the government will indiscriminately target people it suspects of being affiliated with the GÃ¼len movement based on limited evidence, Ulgen said, referring to the precedent of the 2014 crackdown against the group.
â€œThe government has not particularly followed the rule of law, believing that the ends justified the means,â€ he said.
Turkish Islamic preacher Fethullah Gulen is pictured at his residence in Saylorsburg, Pa in 2013.
Already, the government has arrested more than 2,800 people, though it is unclear what ties, if any, those people have to the GÃ¼len movement or this weekâ€™s uprising.
GÃ¼lenist involvement in the attempted coup that began Friday night is, at this point, still only a matter of speculation. Experts are divided on whether the governmentâ€™s allegations are likely to be true.
â€œThe one institution that is quite impervious to the GÃ¼len movement is the military,â€ Henri Barkey, director of the Middle East Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, told The WorldPost on Friday.
But Ulgen had a different view.
â€œGiven that there were already accounts that military was getting ready for large-scale purge within its ranks, I think it is fair to say that there is indeed GÃ¼lenist activity within the military ranks that potentially may have been part of this coup attempt,â€ said Ulgen, who is now a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe. â€œI think it would be a fair assessment to state that GÃ¼lenists were at least part of it â€• if not exclusively responsible.â€
Also on HuffPost
Aftermath Of Turkey's Attempted Coup
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan Turkey Coup Coup Fethullah Gulen
Suggest a correction
Turkey,recep tayyip erdogan,turkey coup,coup,fethullah gulen,gulen movement