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Trump elevates US Cyber Command, vows 'increased resolve' against threats

August 18,2017 22:29

President Donald Trump on Friday announced that U.S. Cyber Command will be elevated to a "Unified Combatant Command," putting it on equal footing with existing organizations that oversee military operations in the Middle East, Europe and the Pacific.


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President Donald Trump on Friday announced that U.S. Cyber Command will be elevated to a "Unified Combatant Command," putting it on equal footing with existing organizations that oversee military operations in the Middle East, Europe and the Pacific.
The move ends years of rumors, speculation and debate over when the right time would be to spin out the Pentagon's cyber war unit, which has rapidly grown since its 2009 inception. The Obama administration reportedly came close to pulling the trigger in its final months, and Trump's White House has reportedly also been on the cusp of making the move official for weeks.
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In a statement, Trump declared that the new arrangement "will strengthen our cyberspace operations and create more opportunities to improve our Nation’s defense."
The long-debated boost, he added, "demonstrates our increased resolve against cyberspace threats and will help reassure our allies and partners and deter our adversaries."
Before his inauguration, Trump vowed to bolster Cyber Command, potentially including the development of more cyber weapons meant to deter attacks on the United States.
On Friday, Trump said this move will do just that. It will help "streamline command and control of time-sensitive cyberspace operations," he said, and ensure that "critical cyberspace operations are adequately funded." In its recent budget for the 2018 fiscal year, the Trump administration requested $647 million for Cyber Command, a 16 percent increase from the previous year.
However, the move will not be final until the Senate confirms a new chief to lead the organization, according to a senior Pentagon official.
Adm. Mike Rogers currently helms both Cyber Command and the NSA under a "dual-hat" leadership structure. Under the new plan, Mattis would suggest a new leader — possibly Rogers — for Cyber Command.
The Pentagon was swift to reject the notion that the scheme means Rogers has been canned. Kenneth Rapuano, assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense and global, told reporters that Mattis has "total confidence" in Rogers.
There is "no timeline" for when the new chief will be picked, Rapuano added.

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Moving Cyber Command out from underneath the umbrella of U.S. Strategic Command — one of the military's nine unified commands — has been bandied about for years. The idea has gained more momentum among Pentagon leaders and lawmakers recently as the organization's digital capabilities and personnel have matured.
The unit reached "initial operating capacity" last fall, meaning all 133 teams — consisting of roughly 5,000 staffers — could execute missions on a basic level. By the end of the 2018 fiscal year, those 133 Cyber Command teams will swell to 6,200 personnel as the organization hits "full operating capacity."
Cyber Command has played a pivotal role in the military’s stepped-up digital campaign against the Islamic State, which has aimed to block the terrorist group’s digital payments systems and to infiltrate communications channels, disrupting networks for giving directions and recruiting new fighters. But according to reports, the online fight has proved difficult, with ISIS moving to new accounts, platforms and devices when stymied by America’s digital weapons.
Cyber Command has developed under the auspices of the NSA for years, sharing resources, staffing and infrastructure. Adm. Mike Rogers currently leads both organizations.
But, Rapuano said, the “symbiotic” relationship between the two will eventually end, as the NSA's intelligence-collection mandate is quite different than Cyber Command's cyber war-fighting purview.
Many specialists — even those who support such a split — are careful to note that cleaving the two is a long, difficult process that risks both sides losing out on valuable resources.
In his statement, Trump did not make a definitive decision on whether to separate the two agencies. Instead, he said Defense Secretary Jim Mattis will examine the potential move.
On Capitol Hill, leaders on cyber and military issues welcomed the move.
Senate Armed Services Chairman John McCain, a frequent Trump critic, said he was "pleased" with the decision, adding that he "appreciated" the cautious approach to splitting NSA and Cyber Command.

The Arizona Republican said that Mattis' review of the issue would ensure "that a future separation of the so-called 'dual hat' relationship between Cyber Command and the National Security Agency will be based on conditions, rather than arbitrary political timelines."
Others echoed McCain's sentiment. Montana Sen. Steve Daines called the move "vital" to prepare the country for cyber warfare. Daines, a Republican, got an amendment in last year's defense authorization bill that directed the Pentagon to elevate Cyber Command.
Trump even received rare praise from across the aisle. Rhode Island Rep. Jim Langevin, the Democratic co-chairman of the Congressional Cybersecurity Caucus, called Friday "a seminal day in the history of U.S. cybersecurity policy, a recognition that every armed conflict going forward will have a cyber component."
Still, many lawmakers and experts, including McCain, have expressed concerns that the desire to swiftly expand Cyber Command and have it stand on its own might create a "hollow" force where all the slots are filled, but no one sticks around.
McCain is currently trying to move another defense authorization bill that aims to make the military's cyber path more attractive as a long-term career option.
More broadly, he vowed, the bill will help create a more coherent cyber policy framework for the Pentagon and Cyber Command.
"There is much more to be done to prepare our nation and our military to meet our cybersecurity challenges," McCain said.
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