In the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, for example, President Joseph Kabila is delaying constitutionally mandated elections so that he can prolong his 16-year tenure. In Uganda, President Yoweri Museveni is still in charge more than 30 years ...
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Media captionRwanda elections 2017: A one-horse race?The electoral commission in Rwanda has announced that President Paul Kagame has won a third term in office with a landslide.
The commission said partial results of Friday's election had given him 98% of the votes.
Mr Kagame's supporters began celebrating before the announcement.
They say that he has brought stability and economic development after the horrors of the 1994 genocide.
But his critics - most of whom are outside the country - say he has ruled through fear.
Mr Kagame, who has been in power for 17 years, was challenged by Frank Habineza and Philippe Mpayimana.
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Image caption Mr Kagame voted in the capital KigaliHe came to power in 1994, when his rebel group took control of the capital, Kigali, ending the genocide in which some 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus were slaughtered.
Rwanda's constitution was amended in 2015, giving Mr Kagame a chance to stay in power until 2034.
The two challengers have complained that their supporters are being intimidated, which they say explains the low turnout at their pre-election rallies.
The candidates have also accused some local authorities of undermining their campaign.
The ruling party denies any accusations of wrongdoing.
Image copyright AFP
Image caption Paul Kagame won the 2010 election with 93% of the voteSeen as military genius
His rebel forces helped end 1994 genocide - he has been in power ever since
Twice invaded much larger neighbour, DR Congo
Accused of suppressing the opposition and ordering assassination of critics
Sees Singapore and South Korea as models - economy growing at 7% a year
Champions women's rights; most MPs are women
Mysterious death of an exile
Rwanda genocide: 100 days of slaughter
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